- The “Monroeski Doctrine” was a colloquial description of Boris Yeltsin’s foreign policy strategy in the near abroad. Adapted from the United States’ 19th-century Monroe Doctrine, which prohibited European colonization of the newly independent Latin American republics, the Monroeski Doctrine affirmed the Russian Federation’s position as the dominant power in the entire former Soviet Union. Moscow often invoked the doctrine when it intervened in post-Soviet conflicts in the Newly Independent States of Eurasia, such as the Tajik Civil War and the separatist conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh, Transnistria, Abkhazia, and South Ossetiya. Articulated by Andranik Migranyan, the Monroeski Doctrine used historical and geopolitical logic to argue that Russia—rather than Turkey, China, Iran, or the U.S.—was better equipped to solve issues in its “backyard,” particularly through organizations like the Commonwealth of Independent States. Political elites in the former Soviet Republics, particularly in the Baltic States, Georgia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan, criticized the policy as neo-imperialist. The term fell out of favor by the end of the 1990s, but the concept still girds the foreign relations theories of Russia’s Eurasianists.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
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Foreign relations — Russia’s foreign relations with its neighbors and even distant countries such as Great Britain and the United States are complex, often characterized by suspicion and rivalry. This is in part due to the country’s historically fluid borders and … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
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Commonwealth of Independent States — (CIS) Intergovernmental organization. In the wake of the August Coup of 1991, the leaders of the union republics, excluding the Baltic States and Georgia, strove to preserve some aspects of the union that had bound their countries together… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Eurasianism — Sociopolitical ideology. Often contrasted with Atlanticism, contemporary Eurasianism or neo Eurasianism is a revival of an earlier stream of thought that Russia should embrace its unique role as both a European and Asiatic country, free of the … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
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